WLook: Get to know different kinds of fabrics
When fibres are tied together, they create a fabric. Fabrics are classified according to the fibres used, the pattern and texture, and the type of manufacture used to create them. Some textiles also consider the origin of the fibres used in their production. If you’re curious to know more, here are some of them:
Categories of fibre
Initially, the types of fibre used (natural vs synthetic) and production methods serve as the primary dividing lines between its many different types.
Natural fabrics are derived from plants and animals as well as from man. Fabrics such as cotton and silk, on the other hand, are derived from plants, with silkworms being the producers. When it comes to synthetic fibres, the situation is somewhat different because they are composed entirely of artificial components.
Production of fibres
Weaved textiles are constructed of two yarns that intertwine horizontally and vertically when they are incorporated. Because the yarn runs at a 45-degree angle, the fabric doesn’t stretch and is typically more robust and tighter than knit textiles because it doesn’t stretch.
Yarn is moulded into an interlocking loop shape for knit fabric, stretching significantly. Knit materials are noted for their ability to stretch and retain their form.
Types of fabric
There are numerous fabric types, and choosing which one best suits you can be challenging. Check out the list below:
- Chiffon – Twisted yarn is used to create this fragile, lightweight, plain-woven fabric with a somewhat rough feel. The thread is often made of silk, nylon, polyester, or rayon, among other materials.
Chiffon is often used in scarves, blouses, and dresses, particularly wedding gowns and prom gowns, among other things, given its lightweight and flowing nature. Chiffon is a fabric that may be easily dyed.
- Cotton – Cotton, the most widely used fabric globally, is a natural fibre that is light and breathable. Ginning is the process of removing the fluffy wool from the seeds of the cotton plant, which is also known as cottonseed extraction.
This fabric is praised for its softness, flexibility, and long-lasting properties. Cotton is used in the production of underwear, t-shirts, and dresses. However, it is possible to have a wrinkled and decreasing look.
- Crepe – Crepe is a plain-woven fabric with a twisted structure that is non-wrinkling and lightweight. Materials derived from other natural fibres, such as wool or artificial synthetics, may be used to make this fabric in addition to cotton and silk.
Many factors contribute to crepe’s widespread use in suit and dressmaking industries. Georgette and chiffon are two types of crepe textiles that may be found. Dresses, scarves, and shirts, among other things, are made of crepe, as are blouses and pants.
- Denim – This kind of apparel is made by weaving white cotton stuffing and cotton warp yarn to form a woven fabric. Even though blue jeans are the most typical use for denim, they may also be found in jackets and skirts.
- Lace – This type of fabric is a lovely, delicate material made from yarn or thread that has been looped, twisted, or knitted.
Its open weave style of lace and its web-like pattern distinguishes it as a high-end fabric. The delicate, transparent fabric is typically seen as an accent or adornment on bridal gowns and veils, but it may also be seen on blouses and nightgowns as well as other apparel.